To explore the topic, I went back to what I know best: the numbers.
I report here a little summary of the numbers I collected. The full review document is available as a pdf file:
Numbers in the US
First of all, let's look at the numbers in general, that is at all STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) degrees awarded to women in the US (table below).
Here the gender gap seems to have reduced for most life sciences and pure sciences disciplines at least at the bachelor's level. The gender gap seems to still exist in the applied sciences, like computer science and engineering. Another question could be why women do not continue with the science education as much as men. But we will make this discussion the topic for another post.
Being western Europe culturally closer to the US than Asian countries, I expected similar numbers of degrees awarded to women in computer science as in the US. this is confirmed by the numbers below where only Bulgaria has a 50/50 participation to computer science for men and women.
Finally, I found some data about Africa and the Arabic World. Notice that in the arabic world the number of degrees of women in computer science is higher than in the US and western Europe.
- Gender gap does not seem to be much of an issue anymore in life sciences, biology and up to a lower extent mathematics, statistics, and chemistry.
- Gender gap is still an issue in the applied sciences in Europe and in the US.
- Asian and arabic women choose the applied sciences for their future career more than women in US or western Europe.